Socrates’ civil disobedience 1k views view upvoters jeremy lee-jenkins, llb law & public international law, the open university (2018) what happens if you break the law you get arrested and punished the punishment can be jail time, a fine, prison time or even execution (for murder or rape in some states) if you are convicted in a. Socrates and king on legal obligations notes for march 10–12 main points socrates obeyed what he regarded as an unjust verdict crito offered him an easy escape but instead he went to his legally mandated death despite believing that the conviction and sentence were wrong. Lecture supplement on plato’s crito: socrates is convicted of corrupting the youth and vilifying the gods and after this trial one of his friends comes to him and details a plan for escape granted that it was unjust to condemn him to death, can it be right for him to escape by breaking the law. An unjust law is a code that is out of harmony with the moral law to put it in the terms of st thomas aquinas, an unjust law is a human law that is not rooted in eternal and natural law - dr. Crito, along with other friends of socrates, believes he would be amply justified in breaking this law, and a number of arguments are presented in support of that belief socrates is convinced they are wrong in holding that opinion, and he proceeds at some length to set forth his reasons for rejecting the view that they have presented.
Socrates alone among the prytanes was left standing for the law and the generals his refusal to allow the vote had the effect of allowing one last, eloquent speech from the floor that proposed a preliminary vote to decide between sentencing the group and permitting separate trials (xenophon, hellenica 1716–33) the assembly approved. Socrates says the laws argue that he tacitly agreed to obey the law by remaining in athens after having reached maturity, witnessing the structure of the law and how it functions, and raising children of his own in athens. Plato’s crito socrates and the law discussion questions do you think socrates should escape from prison what is crito’s motivation is it ever morally permissible to break the law if so, explain and give examples is it ever morally required to break the law if so, explain and give examples. By itself, this shows nothing about whether it’s right or wrong to break the law there are three arguments for the conclusion that it would be wrong to break the law by escaping two concern analogies: socrates’ relationship to the laws is like the relationship we have with our parents and guardians.
Socrates (c 469 - 399 bc) was a hugely important greek philosopher from the classical period (often known as the socratic period in his honor) unlike most of the pre-socratic philosophers who came before him, who were much more interested in establishing how the world works, socrates was more concerned with how people should behave, and so was perhaps the first major philosopher of ethics. Socrates: then will they not say: 'you, socrates, are breaking the covenants and agreements which you made with us at your leisure, not in any haste or under any compulsion or deception, but after you have had seventy years to think of them, during which time you were at liberty to leave the city, if we were not to your mind, or if our. Socrates would thus have been justified in breaking a law forbidding him to carry out what he saw as his divine mission to engage in philosophy similarly, in the circumstances of the crito he would be justified in escaping from prison if remaining there would involve him in violating some higher duty. According to socrates, fulfilling his obligation to god is more important than what the law may tell him to do because in practicing philosophy, he is serving god “be sure that this is what the god orders me to do, and i think there is no greater blessing for the city than my service to the god,” (socrates 30a, 2012. On the most widely accepted account of civil disobedience, famously defended by john rawls (1971), civil disobedience is a public, non-violent and conscientious breach of law undertaken with the aim of bringing about a change in laws or government policies.
In order to clarify his position to crito, socrates depicts the laws of athens confronting and questioning him about his desire to escape the laws point out to socrates that if he does indeed decide to disobey them and escape, he will effectively be destroying the laws, and the whole state as well. On the other hand, if he is innocent, then escaping from prison would be his first occasion of breaking the law or the agreement with the laws/city) structure of the dialogue: i introduction (setting the stage for (socrates, crito) , since its portrayal of socrates as an utterly law-abiding citizen,. Socrates in prison he would be breaking his agreement to obey socrates can not leave he swore an oath to accept the verdict and penalty he swore to the gods socrates believed in the law that said if you make an oath, keep it if you make a promise, keep it. Socrates imagines that he escapes but is met by the laws at the city gates in this dialogue, the laws tell socrates that if he were to escape, he would be destroying the laws what he means is that there can’t be laws unless people follow them, unless they are legitimate.
If socrates were to try to escape he would be breaking the laws rather than following any of these just actions furthermore, the laws point out, socrates would be more guilty than most because he has, until now, endorsed athenian law and the athenian way of life. Crito has come at the break of dawn to persuade socrates to disobey the law and break out of jail in fact, he has already bribed the guards and made all necessary arrangements to allow socrates to escape but socrates will only go if he can be convinced, through rational discussion, that breaking the law would be the just thing to do. The only acceptable reason for acting in civil disobedience is that you (a) believe that the law you are breaking is wrong, and (b) that you believe that breaking that law is the only way available to show how wrong the law is. Just and unjust laws: according to dr martin luther king jr i was reminded recently of a post i published – when i was still studying law – about just and unjust laws based on dr martin.
Three possible bases for an ethical obligation to obey the law are examined tags: socrates, estoppel, law and ethics, ethical obligation to obey law [pg1079]do we have an obligation to obey any law, no matter how unjust or evil, provided. It would be wrong because he would be breaking the agreement or commitment that he has with the law of athens virtue and justice are the most valuable possession to a person, and you cannot have them if you break the law. Socrates quotes (showing 1-30 of 317) free of pain, free of the obligations of life and death but change is law and no amount of pretending will alter that reality” ― socrates 914 likes but to see who cares enough to break them down” ― socrates 872 likes like “know thyself” ― socrates tags: inspirational 587 likes. Salutations a dialogue between jorgen and timmy (and cosmo) about the topic of civil disobedience song used: breaking the law-judas priest episodes used: big problem-fop.