The conceptual framework (fig 11) guides the literature study taunton et al (1995:218) of the nurse, characteristics of the manager, characteristics of the work, and characteristics of the organisation the literature review was carried out with regard to these four factors 22 characteristics of the nurse that marital status is not. Related literature tracer study is an approach which widely being used in most organization especially in the educational institutions to track and to keep record of their students once they have graduated from the institution. The present study examined the likelihood of hazardous drinking as a function of smoking status, gender, age, ethnicity, and education in a sample of 676 medical and dental patients whose drinking. Reversed associations high ses related to greater negative health behaviors in our review of the literature, 44 studies examined the association between ses and cigarette smoking during the majority found some sup-port that low ses was associated with greater smoking eighteen studies reported negative associations indicating that low. The literature review began in march 2006 with a medline and cinahl (cumulative index to nursing and allied health literature) internet search using the most appropriate medical subject headings (mesh) 'smoking', 'tobacco' and 'physician.
When compared to the effects of smoking, the scant available literature suggests that vaping could be a harm reduction alternative to smoking and a possible means for smoking cessation, at least. Literature review on effectiveness of the use of social media a report for peel public health opposing immunization and promoting smoking this report targets original research, case studies, reviews, and commentaries related to public. The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge of smoking-related cancers among university students in jordan those educated students are important targets for behavioral changes as models for others in their environment and as potential society decision makers in the future [ 10 ].
Literature review on the health effects of smoke-free policies in light of the who fctc literature review of the health effects of smoke-free policies in light of the who fctc 3 studies reporting an effect of public smoking bans on exposure to second-hand smoke country and date of entry. While a limited body of economic research has examined the impact of tobacco control policies on youth smoking, evidence suggests that policies related to youth access. Washington — in a broad review of scientific literature, the nation’s top doctor has concluded that cigarette smoking — long known to cause lung cancer and heart disease — also causes. Review of recent tobacco-related research in the asian pacific asian pacific j cancer prev, 3 , 291-304 smoking was related to a significantly elevated risk of prospective study results indicate that smoking is a risk factor for liver and stomach cancer in a population with a.
A literature review or narrative review is a type of review article a literature review is a scholarly paper , which includes the current knowledge including substantive findings, as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. Literature review the author has determined that literature related to the new no smoking legislation is relatively recent, due to the date the smoking legislation came into force in the uk (july 2007), however in light of this, not enough comprehensive research has been conducted on the effects the ban has had on the uk hospitality industry. The literature review addressed inter alia the relationship between different patterns of drug consumption, impaired driving and traffic accidents in addition drug testing procedures and associated legislation regarding drug-impaired driving in the different eu member states were described and the issues raised by such testing reviewed.
Smoking rates among women are currently low, but they are the fastest growing segment of cigarette smoking population in developing countries we aimed to assess the knowledge and perceptions towards smoking and to identify the factors related with level of knowledge and perceptions among adult women in urban slums this was a cross sectional study conducted on 250 adult (≥18 years of age. Studies of restrictions on smoking have largely focused on workplace bans which, while likely to have parallels with a study of bans on smoking in other locations, are of a quite different nature to those being considered in this study. The second objective in investigating knowledge and awareness of diabetic smokers about the health risks of smoking, smoking cessation and smoking cessation pharmacotherapies, the study design it will be cross-sectional survey. Review of literature and studies 1 conrad k, flay b, hill d why children start smoking cigarettes: predictors of onsetbritish journal of addiction, 87-1711-1724 tobacco use has been identified as a major presentable cause of premature death and illness (conrad k, et al, 1992 peto r and lopez a, 2001.
Objective given the above considerations concerning prevalence and incidence of smoking, it appears timely that a review of the literature be conducted to synthesise and integrate the vast amount of information available on variables related to smoking by adolescents. 8 review of literature 81 introduction this review covers a wide range of issues related to tobacco in nine subject areas: demand, supply, and trade of tobacco leaves, demand for cigarettes, cigarette advertising, cigarette taxes, social costs of smoking, economic significance of tobacco industry, and farm issues associated with tobacco control. House research department march 2006 review of economic studies on smoking bans in bars and restaurants page 2 spaces1 smoking was banned in schools, government worksites, private worksites, childcare centers, restaurants, and bars.